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High Blood Pressure: Understanding and Managing the "Silent Killer"

Updated: Jun 22, 2023

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is often referred to as the "silent killer" because it has no noticeable symptoms, yet it can lead to serious health problems if not treated properly.

What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure is a condition where the force of the blood against the walls of the arteries is consistently too high. This force is known as blood pressure and is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Normal blood pressure is considered to be around 120/80 mmHg. If your blood pressure consistently stays at 140/90 mmHg or higher, you have high blood pressure.

Causes of High Blood Pressure

There is no single cause of high blood pressure, and it often develops as a result of multiple factors. Some common causes of high blood pressure include:

  • Family history of hypertension

  • Unhealthy lifestyle habits such as a diet high in salt and low in fruit and vegetables, lack of physical activity, and excessive alcohol consumption

  • Being overweight or obese

  • Chronic stress

  • Certain medical conditions such as diabetes and kidney disease

Consequences of High Blood Pressure

If left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to a number of serious health problems, including:

  • Heart disease and stroke

  • Kidney damage

  • Vision loss

  • Dementia

  • Aneurysms

Managing High Blood Pressure

The good news is that high blood pressure can be managed and even reduced through lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medication. Some effective strategies for managing high blood pressure include:

  • Eating a healthy diet that is low in salt and rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein

  • Engaging in regular physical activity

  • Maintaining a healthy weight

  • Limiting alcohol consumption

  • Managing stress through activities such as meditation, yoga, and deep breathing

  • Taking prescribed medication as directed

High blood pressure is a serious and common health condition that can have devastating consequences if not properly managed. By making simple lifestyle changes and seeking healthcare treatment when necessary, you can effectively manage your blood pressure and reduce your risk of serious health problems. If you have concerns about your blood pressure, be sure to speak with your healthcare provider to develop a personalized plan for managing your condition.

Don't know if your blood pressure is high? Stop in to our office during office hours for a free blood pressure screening!

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